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Unraveling Dandruff

That persistent, flaky condition that affects up to half the population at some point in their lives. While the visible symptoms can be frustrating and even embarrassing, understanding the underlying causes is the key to finding an effective solution.

Contrary to popular belief, dandruff is not just a result of poor hygiene or a dirty scalp.

At the root of dandruff lies a delicate imbalance in the scalp’s ecosystem, caused by a combination of factors. The primary culprit is an overgrowth of a naturally occurring fungus called Malassezia Globosa. This fungus feeds on the sebum (oils) produced by the scalp, and its proliferation can lead to inflammation, irritation, and the flakes we see. This occurs naturally on everyone’s scalp, but some are sensitive to them.

Other factors include:

  • Hormonal changes, stress, and certain medical conditions, like weakened immune system or if experiencing significant hormonal fluctuations are also prone to developing this.
  • Everyday environmental factors, such as exposure to harsh chemicals disrupt the delicate balance of the scalp, leading to an increase in Malassezia and the emergence of dandruff.
  • In some cases, even using the wrong haircare product can trigger this, if the product strips the scalp of its natural oils to create an ideal environment for the fungus to thrive.

Remedial products:

Anti-Dandruff Shampoos are one of the most common and effective ways to manage dandruff. These shampoos typically include one or more of:

  • Zinc Pyrithione – this is a fungistatic (inhibiting the division of fungal cells) and bacteriostatic to reduce fungal growth and inflammation
  • Piroctone olamine – this also has anti-fungal properties that make it ideal for controlling the fungus Malassezia globose.
  • Selenium sulfide – to slow down skin cell turnover and reduces flaking
  • Ketoconazole – another antifungal agent that targets the Malassezia fungus
  • Coal tar – helps slow skin cell growth and reduce scaling

Some of the everday products that have a combination of these include Head & Shoulders, Selsun Blue, Nizoral, and T/Gel.

Some prefer Medicated Creams and Lotions. Unlike shampoos, these are not washed off right away and can be a lot more effective. The typically include

  • Salicylic acid – Exfoliates the scalp and helps remove built-up flakes
  • Sulfur – Reduces fungal growth and inflammation (but can have an interesting odor to it)
  • Selenium sulfide – Same as in anti-dandruff shampoos
  • Brands like Dermasolve, DHS, and Neutrogena offer these types of medicated products.

And then there are the natural remedies:

  • Tea tree oil – Has antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties
  • Apple cider vinegar – Can help balance the scalp’s pH and reduce fungal growth
  • Aloe vera – Soothes irritation and inflammation
  • Coconut oil – Provides deep hydration and antimicrobial benefits

If you’ve tried over-the-counter dandruff treatments for several weeks or months and your condition doesn’t improve or continues to worsen, it’s a good idea to see a dermatologist. They can recommend more effective prescription-strength treatments.

Davines, the revered Italian beauty brand, has a Naturaltech Purifying line – these are a range of gentle and natural products designed to tackle dandruff at its core.

The star of the Purifying collection is the shampoo, formulated with the powerful duo of piroctone olamine and zinc pyrithione. These active ingredients work to combat the fungal overgrowth that so often lies at the root of dandruff, restoring your scalp’s natural balance and banishing those pesky flakes for good.

But Davines doesn’t stop there. The line also includes a Purifying Gel, for purifying dandruff-prone scalps. Antifungal and antibacterial Gel keeps the scalp clean and healthy, to calm any lingering irritation. These are crafted with natural, sustainable ingredients – no harsh chemicals or potentially harmful additives to further aggravate your scalp.

If you’re tired and ready to say goodbye to those pesky flakes for good, use these Davines products for a healthy, flake-free head of hair. The products and treatment service is available at The Junction Salon & Bar.

The Junction Salon
The Junction Salon
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